Fats like butter, lard, margarine and shortening, and oils like canola, coconut, corn, cottonseed, nut, olive, palm, peanut and soybean, including monounsaturated, polyunsaturated and low-fat and reduced-fat formulation tactics and trends.
Ingredients like ascorbic acid, azodicarbonamide (ADA), emulsifiers, enzymes, gluten, glycerides, lecithin, oxidizing agents, reducing agents and others that improve the quality and handling of breads.
Natural and synthetic ingredients like ascorbic acid, butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) , butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), tertiary butylhydroquinone (TBHQ), tocopherols and others that serve as antioxidants, antimicrobials, mold inhibitors and shelf-life extenders to improve food quality and safety.
One of the initial steps in the bread baking process, mixing, is hugely responsible for the quality of your final product. Even if the mixing is done well, a product’s quality will be compromised if the incorrect mixing method is used instead of the one that works best for the ingredient selection and genre of bread.
For over 500 years, we’ve been looking for the fountain of youth—that magical restorative water that will make us look and feel younger. While the fountain has yet to be discovered, we can find some solace in knowing that many of the foods we eat are becoming healthier for us.
In May’s column, we discussed the process of fermentation. Bakers put that wheel into motion once they combine water, flour and yeast—either commercial or wild—in a bowl and start to mix. However, there are numerous controls to initiate controlled fermentation as opposed to a process that under- or over-ferments yeasted products.